Editor's Desk-                   July 2013-                    Vol 3 - No.3

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Education Reforms- The need of the Hour

Greetings to all!  Welcome to the Acme Intellects International Journal of Research in Management.

Where the India stands in the Education? The answer is the floccinaucinihiliphiliphication i.e. confusion!

            A lot of debates and arguments;  Some will accept and some won’t; Our position is  neither we accept the other’s global rankings of the education nor we have our own ranking systems.  Quantity in the education is increasing enormously and at the same ratio quality is decreasing. Let us introspect with the following facts & statistics.

“India’s education system second only to politics in corruption: WikiLeaks.

The QS World University Rankings for 2012 has been announced and none of the Indian universities figures in top 200.

According to The Times Higher Education, out of 28 countries represented in the list; no universities from three BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) nations - India, Russia and mainland China - have made it to the list.[3]

India's education system failed to achieve objectives, needs reform: Supreme Court, New Delhi. [1],[7]The bench said that in comparison to earlier times, the literacy level has increased but it did not result in better human value which calls for a transformation in the education system.

"In fact, in the earlier years, though the literate level was not as high as it now stands, the human value had its own respected place in the society," the bench said. The Supreme Court said it is still a matter of concern that so many people are illiterate and it is imperative that the institution, the teachers, the parents, the students and the society play a role in bringing transformation in the present system.

"When the British rule ended in 1947, the literacy rate was just 12 per cent. Over the years, India has changed socially, economically, and globally. After the 2011 census, the literacy rate in India, during 2011 was found to be 74.04 per cent. "Though this seems like a very great accomplishment, it is still a matter of concern that still so many people in India cannot even read and write. The number of children who do not get education especially in the rural areas are still high. Though the government has made a law that every child under the age of 14 should get free education, the problem of illiteracy is still at large," the bench said.[1][7]

India's formal education system is failing, says economic advisor Raghuram Rajan:[2]

India's formal education system is failing as the government is falling short in delivering its responsibilities, Raghuram Rajan, economic advisor to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said, emphasizing the need for more organizational training in the sector. "India's formal education system is failing and government school system is failing - government is not delivering the goods." India needed to give incentives to its best teachers to raise the level of education across schools and universities."In Indian primary schools, Half of the students are not in class. Average schools are better in the United States and drop out rate is more in India although students are more hungry for education," China always emphasized education much more than India and as a result its average literacy rate is better than India's. [2]

Why this global ranking process matters [4]

Of course, obsessions are rarely healthy, but as the editor of the leading global ranking system, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, I would warn that it would be a far great mistake for Indian institutions and policy makers to under-use the global rankings than to overuse them. Let us get one thing clear right away: a country of India’s size, rich intellectual history and growing economic strength deserves world-class universities that can compete with the very best universities in the world. Indeed, India needs such institutions for the future success of its economy.

Referring to global university rankings, Dr. Singh said: “It is a sobering thought that not one Indian university today figures in the top 200 universities of the world today.”

It is sobering indeed — it was Professor Altbach himself who told The Hindu back in December last year that India “is a world class country without world class universities.” [4]

India's Universities Debate the Influence of International Rankings By Alya Mishra[5],[6]

·         Only three Indian institutions appeared in the global top 400 of the Times Higher Education, or THE, World University Rankings for 2012-13. The best was the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, at 226-250.

·         The country also performs poorly in the other two major rankings, produced by China’s Shanghai Jiaotong University and Quacquarelli Symonds, or QS.

·         Some experts warn that rankings should not be dismissed as irrelevant, and that India’s higher-education policies – including the funding structure, lack of research, or lack of focus on quality – are responsible for the country’s poor performance. They see rankings as a wake-up call, an opportunity to bring in improvements.

·         “For India, or other developing countries, to obsess about the rankings is a mistake. There may be lessons, but not rules,” Altbach said.

·          “World-class universities have a distinguished history of research. Others, mostly in Asia, have raised their research standards in the last 20 to 30 years,” said Pental. “None of the Indian universities fulfil these criteria.”

·         Indian institutions do not perform well against several international ranking variables. For instance, the THE ranks universities using teaching (30 percent of weight), research (30 percent), citations of research (30 percent), industry income (2.5 percent) and international outlook (7.5 percent)

·         Among Indian science and technology institutions, the five oldest IITs have the highest average citations for published research papers after the Indian Institute of Science, according to a 2009 analysis by researchers Gangan Prathap and BM Gupta.

·         Yet each IIT faculty member on average publishes only one research paper a year, compared to six per faculty member at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US.

·         Phil Baty, THE rankings editor, said his organization was willing to explore the possibility of a separate India-only ranking, which would look at leading research-intensive Indian institutions that aspire to world class-standards.

·         This could be done without any modifications to THE’s methodology, or with minor changes such as giving less weight to publication in indexed journals where publication cultures and outputs may be different from the typical, established global research university. “At present, even some of the most competitive of India’s institutions are not making the upper reaches of the global rankings. So in order to help them better understand their performance against global standards, the meeting discussed the possibility of a bespoke analysis for India,” Baty told the University World News

·         “We would not seek to judge the highly diverse Indian higher-education sector on a single hierarchical list using the same range of performance indicators,” Baty added. He agreed that for the majority of India’s institutions, a focus on local priorities should continue, including expanding learning opportunities to underrepresented groups and working with local communities.

·         The main challenge for India would be to ensure the proper management of institutional data, to allow for proper global benchmarking and analysis, Baty said.

·         A lack of transparency and difficulties in accessing data are major problems in Indian higher education. Colleges and universities do not have mandatory disclosure requirements in areas including fees, expenses, funding, faculty salaries, research output and citation, and placement records. Many are also unwilling to share information openly.

And it is far from clear how a separate Indian ranking would solve the fundamental challenges being faced by Indian institutions, including the challenge of quality of research. [5],[6]

 

Education Reforms – The need of the Hour-Model 1

”Aano  bhadraa  krathavo  yanthu  vishwathaha”-"Let the noble thoughts come to all from all  directions".

If the Indian education systems were not better; then the question is how come the best brains are from the India? Yes.  There is a lack of understanding ourselves only or we are not enough to show to the world that what we are in the statistical reports; May be parameters differ, but it has to prove through proper  research. Undoubtedly the other countries with the global ranking systems they may be good.

            My humble request to all is let us keep aside the positions, power, degrees, egos, wealth, age, experience etc.,  Stop blaming, Start Thinking how best we can correct individually and collectively our systems. Let us come together to make reforms.

            People from Academics, Industries, Ministries, Governments, Managements, Religious heads, Public, Media, Student Unions and other successful country’s representatives should be done periodically online and offline Media debates, live programs.

Why all the people required to make reforms? What is the role of each one.

Government: Whatever, whoever do finally the Government is an ultimate implementer of the policies.  So the Government should spend on R&D and such activities which should involve the persons and personalities from each corner.  In some countries education is completely in the hands of the Government. But it is sad that in our country education is in the hands of businessmen, corrupt politicians & religious heads.

Academicians:Simply classroom teaching, paper presentations, fulfilling the formalities of the institutions is not enough.  As I said earlier desks there is no scarcity of thinkers, but the scarcity of the initiators, involvers.

Present Education

Syllabus->Exams->%ge of Marks/ Grade Card->Job/Entrepreneur which is job oriented which is not teaching the life values, not producing the personalities, so present generation is utterly failuring in life leading.  Our Education has just met the %ge of Marks / Grades not knowledge / wisdom.

Industrialists:Industrialists after reaching to the stage, here and there giving speeches like the present output is unfit to employ; but the question is what they require? How they have to present to the Government? How they have to involve in the shaping the students? So Industrialists role is very important for getting the right persons to the right place.

Ministries and Politicians:Whether these people are wise or unwise, but selected from the people to rule. Without having the knowledge if they enter into the field just for giving the speeches and implementing the policies to retain their vote banks is only not their job; they have to involve themselves to make the reformers because the people made them to rule to give the good life.

Managements:In our India, the education is ruled by the businessmen , politicians & religious heads. A lot of people they do not know what they are doing? For what they are doing themselves not aware.  Some managements act as pure businessmen, some would like to convert their black money into the white, some would like rule. At the other end good managements are there where they are putting hard efforts, there is a need of involvement of these managements so as to correct the systems in the view of the quality education.

Religious Heads:In the country like India, Religious heads are playing a vital role and contributing a lot to the society in the form of education.  Their involvement will bring the values for framing the policies.

Media, Public & Student Unions:Media is concentrating a lot on useless things, repeating the same news which is worthless at some times.  Public they have to express their opinion, for this representatives of each community required to share their views.  Student Unions are utmost required to raise their real problems.

            For this if the Global organizations, World Bank or other Government authorities actively involved then it is easy to find the solutions globally. This is not only the problem of India but also this is a global issue.  If any country would like to come out with the solutions, first Plan not by only a few persons; take the persons and personalities from all sides.

People from Academics, Industries, Ministries, Governments, Managements, Religious heads, Public, Media, Student Unions and other successful country’s representatives should be done periodically online and offline Media debates, live programs.

Law of Education is “As the Education increases Knowledge or Wisdom or life leading values should also increase but now the Inverse Law of the Education is going on “As the Education increases life's failures, divorces, anti social elements, corruption, scandals, rapes, thefts, loopholes are increasing.” 

So do we continue with such an Education System globally? Think! The answer is left to you! And the Action also.

So do we continue with such an Education System globally? Think! The answer is left to you! And the Action also.

The Supreme Court said it is still a matter of concern that so many people are illiterate and it is imperative that the institution, the teachers, the parents, the students and the society play a role in bringing transformation in the present system.

Reforms thru Research by finding the solutions collectively. A lot of meetings and debates with all types of the people is required to find the solutions. The Government and Universities are the most suitable to make reforms with the help of all. For God sake do the programs not for fulfilling the formalities or university norms which will end with black and white.  Think beyond the limits.

            I request all to share your ideas, ideologies and suggest towards reforms in the education system. "Quality is never an accident. It is always the result of intelligent effort."

            Let us have Reverse Brainstorming to our systems, not by focusing individually, Let us make the changes from Grass root instead of patch works.  There is no harm if we take the help of all top universities of the world and ranking agencies etc.,

            I am also preparing the report for Education Reforms- The need of the Hour.  Your help is in need of the hour for the reforms in all angles.  I also request to subscribe to the journal which is very nominal and please recommend to your University Institutes also, so that it would be helpful to do this “Education Yagna”.

 

With Warm Regards,

Prof. Shekhara Gowd Mitta, 

Founder & Managing Editor. Acme Intellects International Journal of Research in  Management,

Acme Intellects Research Center- A Wing of Help to Help Charitable Trust®

# 3207, Ist Cross, Siddalingaihnapalya, Tumkur- 572 103, Karnataka State, India.

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Ph: 0816- 2282899, Mob: +91 9916537999

Department of MBA, Kalpataru Institute of Technology, NH-206, B.H.Road, Tiptur- 572 202, Karnataka State, India.

References:

1.       http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/india-s-education-system-failed-to-achieve-objective-needs-reform-supreme-court-388000

2.       http://www.pratham.org/NewsDetails.aspx?newsID=98

3.       http://www.indiaeducationreview.com/features/why-none-600-indian-universities-among-top-100-globally

4.       http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/

5.       http://chronicle.com/article/Indias-Universities-Debate/140355/

6.       http://www,universityworldnews.com

7.       http://supremecourtofindia.nic.in/