Editor’s Desk    Oct 2013      Vol 4-No.4                

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Education Reforms- The need of the Hour  Oct 2013

Dear Reformer!

“Salutations to all those great men in this world” –

Acme Intellects International Journal of Research in Management, Social Sciences & Technology.

"You are what your deep, driving desire is. As your desire is, so is your will.  As your will is, so is your deed. As your deed is, so is your destiny" - Brihadaranyaka Upanishid IV4.5
”Aano  bhadraa  krathavo  yanthu  vishwathaha”-"Let the noble thoughts come to all from all  directions".

The World’s Best 20 Education Systems Rankings Third Quarter Report[10]

1 Japan : The Japan Education System has been ranked the poll’s number one for all three quarters. And matchup very well in all 5 educational development levels. With plans to invest more into education, Japan is setting themselves up to be number one for a very longtime.

2. South Korea : The South Korea Education System outperforms Japan’s system at 3 of 5 levels. However, are unable to overtake them in the poll, because of their lack of investment in early-childhood development.

3. United Kingdom : It may be time to give the UK credit for their educational system‘s success. Many readers could not believe the UK merit this high of a ranking. But, they were the only European country to rank in the top 10 in every educational level the poll measures.

4. Singapore : Education system continues to impress with very little to work with, they rank in the world’s top 2 in both primary education students scores, and could overtake the UK in the next top 20 poll.

5. Russia : It is impressive just how good Russia’s education system is in being rated has the world’s most educated country. Yet, they fail to reach this poll’s top 3. Like most of these countries in the top 20, their lack of investment in early-childhood has lowered their position.

6. Finland : Recognize as the world’s best education systems by other polls and educational experts, fail to mention Finland does not rank first at any international level in education. In fact, Finland ranks 32nd in early-childhood enrollment, even though their system works very well for them, this indicates why they fall out of this poll’s top 5.

7. Canada : Always a contender for a place in the top 5, Canada has one of the world’s highest college graduation rates. The country still has not invested enough time or resources to develop children before they enroll into primary education. When they do, they could find themselves a top 3 ranking.

8. Netherlands: What a statement for the Netherlands to be ranked second in the world in early-childhood enrollment and company to be ranked in the top 10 in primary education test result scores. If the Netherlands have any hope of moving up in the rankings they must improve their high school graduation rates.

9.  Ireland : Secondary Educational System is top shelf. If they can convince their government to investing in more early-childhood development they could make a run for a top 5 spot.

10. Israel : Finland has been using Israel’s education system to model their global success. The reason Israel is not ranked higher is because of their early childhood enrollment program problem, which they are now addressing.

11. China : Has the largest education system in the world, and their students test scores are among the best,  the area China fails to gain points in the top 20 poll, is due to their poor early-childhood program and high school completion rate.

12. New Zealand : Has a legitimate top 10 education system, why they fall back in the pack, is because of their average primary test results.

13. Norway : Not as successful as their neighboring country Finland, Norway’s education system is very good, there only weakness is at the primary education student test scores.

14. Belgium : At a time went the country is only ten points away from ranking in the top 10 best education systems, the country is starting to decrease educational funding.

15.Germany : History has shown Germany has a very strong education system, however, over the last couple of decades, they’ve fallen behind other countries in addressing social change  within the country.

16. Denmark : A quiet country no one talks about how they performance well at all educational levels, especially at the early-childhood level

17. Estonia : No one in the World saw this coming with the country of Estonia ranking higher in the poll then the U.S. But Estonia‘s early-childhood and primary educational levels are better.

18. United States of America : So many educational level problems to overcome especially in maintaining the world’s largest economy. However, the most glaring area of needs is at the high school and early-childhood levels.

19. France : Early-Childhood commitment to prepare children for entrance into primary school is impressive. The problem starts with primary levels due to the country’s growing multicultural population.

20. Portugal : The countries high school graduation rate reported by OECD’s 2012 (100%) is being challenged by EU, which conclude Portugal’s weak economy state is due to low high school graduation rates. We hope the Portugal Ministry of Education Department becomes more transparent and release the true numbers.

Japan's education ministry receives endorsement for ethics to be taught in public schools. The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II. The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-3-3-4 system (6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system. The gimukyoiku (compulsory education) time period is 9 years, 6 in shougakkou (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou (junior high school). Japan has one of the world's best-educated populations, with 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and zero illiteracy. While not compulsory, high school (koukou) enrollment is over 96% nationwide and nearly 100% in the cities. The high school drop out rate is about 2% and has been increasing. About 46% of all high school graduates go on to university or junior college.The Ministry of Education closely supervises curriculum, textbooks, classes and maintains a uniform level of education throughout the country. As a result, a high standard of education is possible. [6][7]

Australia is pioneering a national curriculum and national assessments developed in a collaboration of the states and the federal government. Find out how Australia is achieving nation-wide consistency and success under this system.Canada, due to a wide series of reforms in the past two decades, has emerged as a educational leader in international assessment rankings. Learn more about how increased teacher autonomy and targeted policy directives changed the way Canadian students learn.[8]

Shanghai-China’s students topped the international rankings their first time out of the gate. Discover how this education-driven city taught its students to be so successful.Finland’s education system is widely acknowledged as one of the best in the world. Click here to see how world-class teacher training drives success in this Scandinavian country.[8]

Hong Kong, driven by a diverse population with ever-changing needs, has refocused its education system to mesh with its international economic goals. Explore the policies that pushed them to the top.Japan’s students work harder and learn more than students in almost any other country. Discover how Japan has relieved student pressure without decreasing student performance.[8]

South Korea’s education system underwent a series of rapid changes in the second half of the 20th century resulting in a comprehensive school system and a 70% increase in adult literacy. Find out what this world leader is doing now.The Netherlands provides multiple educational pathways in vocational and general education to ensure that its graduates can meet workforce needs.[8]

New Zealand is a leader in early childhood support and has a robust national qualifications system for secondary education and beyond. Read more about their programs and initiatives.Singapore, a tiny island nation, built a world-class national education system from scratch. Explore how their Ministry of Education is promoting 21st-century education for all.[8]

The report also notes the importance of high-quality teachers and improving strong educator recruitment. The rankings show, however, that there is no clear correlation between higher pay and better performance. The bottom line findings:

§  There are no magic bullets: The small number of correlations found in the study shows the poverty of simplistic solutions. Throwing money at education by itself rarely produces results, and individual changes to education systems, however sensible, rarely do much on their own. Education requires long-term, coherent and focused system-wide attention to achieve improvement.

§  Respect teachers: Good teachers are essential to high-quality education. Finding and retaining them is not necessarily a question of high pay. Instead, teachers need to be treated as the valuable professionals they are, not as technicians in a huge, educational machine.

§  Culture can be changed: The cultural assumptions and values surrounding an education system do more to support or undermine it than the system can do on its own. Using the positive elements of this culture and, where necessary, seeking to change the negative ones, are important to promoting successful outcomes.

§  Parents are neither impediments to nor saviours of education: Parents want their children to have a good education; pressure from them for change should not be seen as a sign of hostility but as an indication of something possibly amiss in provision. On the other hand, parental input and choice do not constitute a panacea. Education systems should strive to keep parents informed and work with them.

§  Educate for the future, not just the present: Many of today's job titles, and the skills needed to fill them, simply did not exist 20 years ago. Education systems need to consider what skills today's students will need in future and teach accordingly.[9]

America’s preparation towards 21st Century:- .”-President Barack Obama[1]

“If we want America to lead in the 21st century, nothing is more important than giving everyone the best education possible — from the day they start preschool to the day they start their career Billions of people from countries like India and China are striving hard to “out-educate” ; Americans in mathematics and technology, He said while stressing on education reforms to prepare Americans for a global economy where “jobs can go anywhere.” [5]

                 The four key areas of reform include: [2]

1.     Development of rigorous standards and better assessments

2.    Adoption of better data systems to provide schools, teachers, and parents with information about student progress

3.    Support for teachers and school leaders to become more effective

4.    Increased emphasis and resources for the rigorous interventions needed to turn around the lowest-performing schools

Conclusion:

Step 1: Form the Committee

§  Government: Immediately Government of India has to appoint 100’s of intellects from all domains like Academia, Industries, Religious heads, consultants, experts from India and other countries also.

Step 2: Study India from Ancient days to Now

Step 3: Study Emerging Trends, Changing environment of India.

Step 4: Study the Top education systems of the world, how the parameters are defining.

Step 5: Implement changes wherever is required.

Step 6: Convey the message to the world that India is NO.1 having Unity in Diversity, having different cultures, high population but leading satisfied spiritual life.

Who has to do?-  Only Government Like UGC / Government Bodies / HRD Ministries.

Make a rule. Until and unless the strict rules are implied without interference of politics it is not possible to develop India. The Intellects who is sitting in the top positions has to initiate such activities, because the Government is not separate, we are part of the Government. It is vain to bring now and then policies instead of proper findings and proper implementations by making the strict rules without corruption and corrupted minds.

So think! It is possible unless and until we do Sankalp or pratigna ourselves.

 

With Warm Regards,

Prof. Shekhara Gowd Mitta, Founder & Managing Editor,

Acme Intellects International Journal of Research in Management- ISSN 2320-2939(Print), ISSN 2320-2793(Online)

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References:

1) http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/education

2) http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/education/k-12/race-to-the-top

3)http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2013/05/20/wb-to-support-south-south-knowledge-exchange-on-higher-education-reforms

4) http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-20498356

5)http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/obama-calls-on-education-reforms-to-outsmart-india-china/article5275570.ece

6) http://japanese.about.com/od/japaneselessons/a/061000.htm

7) http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/culture/2013-11/11/c_132879277.htm

8)http://www.ncee.org/programs-affiliates/center-on-international-education-benchmarking/top-performing-countries/

9)http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/11/27/best-education-in-the-wor_n_2199795.html

10) http://worldtop20.org/the-worlds-best-20-education-systems-rankings-third-quarter-report

11)http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/ranking-reveals-worlds-top-countries-for-higher-education-206676221.html