Editor's Desk

Editorial                Oct 2016                   Vol 16 No.16

   (Dear Reader! Opinions expressed in this site are general.  They do not belong to a particular person/ entity/ country/ university/ management/ Government/ Institution or not claiming that everything is bad or good; wherever the systems not at place but thorough research we can modify our systems. Ignore the views if found them irrelevant. Your suggestions/ advice are always welcome. This is a platform for finding the solutions for burning issues with collective ideas and ideologies.)

Balance the Panchabutas to balance the Nature

Requested to Establish the World Research Institute on Panchabutas: (WRIP)

By Prof. Sekhara Gowd Mitta, Prof. Earanna. S  & Prof. Suresha K.V.,


Balance the Nature then Nature balances everything- Acme Intellects, India.

(View all appealed points in the global perspectives and apply as per local needs. Ideas expressed mentioned in this editorial are inclusive but not exhaustive.)


Kind Attn:

H.E Hon. Members & Leaders of World Groups WTO, WHO, UN, NATO, BRICS, Nuclear Security Summit,G7, G8, G20, BRICS, SAARC, ASEAN, IBSA, APEC, OPAC, CHOGM, BIMSTEC, NAM, EU, AU, World Bank and International Monetary Fund etc.,

H.E Presidents and Prime Ministers of the world, Wise, Rich & Business men of the world,

H.E Roberto Azevedo, Director-General, WTO.

H.E Dr. Margaret Chan, Director-General,WHO.

H.E  Mr. Sam Kahamba Kutesa, The President of the United Nations General Assembly.

H.E Sri Narendra Modiji, Prime Minister of India.

H.E Sri Barack Obama, President, USA. 

H.E Vladimir Putin, President, Russia,

H.E Li Keqiang, Prime Minister of China,

H.E Angela Merkel, Chancellor, Germany,

H.E David Cameron, Prime Minister of United Kingdom,

H.E Manuel Valls, Prime Minister of France,

H.E Hwang Kyo-ahn, Prime Minister of South Korea,

H.E Matteo Renzi, Prime Minister of Italy,

H.E Mr. Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan,

H.E Ahmet Davutoğlu, Prime Minister of Turkey,

H.E Najib Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia,

H.E Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Singapore,

H.E Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, Prime Minister of Nepal,

H.E Malcolm Turnbull, Prime Minister of Australia,

H.E Justin Trudeau , Prime Minister of Canada.
(At the end the List of world leaders added)

Sub: Requested to Establish the World Research Institute on Panchabutas: (WRIP)



Dear World Leaders, 



The development of any country in isolation is not a success in reality.  It’s progress may be impacted by those countries who are unable to understand the dictum of panchabutas-the secret of success. If the world people do not understand the panchabutas, then nature fury will destroy the earth.

The world leaders in unison should tackle all the issues of panchabutas on the concept of “Vasudaiva Kutumbakam”- World as a single family. Research has to be done by scholars at global level exchanging the data as a globe, a continent, a country by considering the impact on one to other.


Facts from Ancient Vedas:

Shloka:       Tasmadva etasmadatmana akash sambhutah |

                        Akasadvayuh | Vayoragnih | Agnerapah |

                        Adbhyah prithvi | Prithivya osadhayah |

                        Osadhibhyosnam |Annat purusah ||

Meaning: From that atman (Supreme soul) space came into being from space wind, from wind fire, from fire water, from water earth, from earth plants, from plants food, from food man came into being.

Source: Yajur-vedah, Taittiriyopanisad,vBrahmananda – valli, Anuvakah 1 (Vedic period)

Nature is made up of 5 major elements known as Panchabutas. These five elements are supposed to be the parent elements and all the other elements are inherited from these parent elements.

The panchabutas are as listed below


Raining is not stopped, but it is not raining at right time, right place and in right amount.  Erratic rain fall has become almost common phenomena in these days.  In olden days, the people used to guess the rain and it was raining also.  If not they used to do Yagnas & Yagas and pray to almighty by following rituals, values, norms & beliefs to invite rainfall.  There is a science behind all these rituals, treating nature as Goddess.  In every (anu renu trina Kashtha) atom including trivialous matter and the people were finding god’s existence. Devoting Rain as Varuna God, Fire as Agni God, Wind as Vayu, Trees as Vrukha raj, Earth as Bhoomatha ( Goddess earth) and so on. They used to see godly qualities in each and everything.

          Nowadays in the thirst of accumulation of wealth wrong placing of destructive passions made to destroy the forests, contamination of space, water, wind & earth. The need of the hour is clean water and air for the very survival of living being.  Due to scant rain fall there is no sufficient water at rivers, lakes, dams etc.,

          The imbalance caused in panchabutas due to human interference may be as follows:


·         Deforestation- converting agricultural land into industrial land.

·         Encroachment of Lakes, Rivers, Canals in the thirst of urban development.

·         Improper storage of Rain water and it’s harvesting- The rain water is not managing properly, it is drained into Ocean.

·         Improper planning of city’s drainage systems, water storage systems.

·         Increase of bore wells resulted into depletion of Ground water.

·         Lack of implementation of Latest technology in Rain Water Technology.

If we analyse the man’s destruction over the nature in the view of Panchabutas:-

1.     Space- human interference in upper strata of space.

2.    Wind (Vayu)- Due to large scale release of perilous waves emanated from Sound, Electronic, noise etc., made some birds to disappear. It may affect human beings in the long run causing some form of deformities or the other unless human interference is checked.

3.    Fire (Agni)- Due to industrial effluents, Burning plastics, charcoal, emissions from large number of vehicles etc., affects on Ozone Layer and damaging the space, Global warming, Snow melting, etc.,

4.    Water (Apas)- Rivers, lakes polluted by discharged untreated drainage water, industrial effluents etc., in turn this poisonous water consumption leads to destruction of living beings.  The imbalance of Panchabutas leads to catastrophes like   Floods, Draughts, hurricanes, Sunamis, earth quakes.

5.    Earth (Prithvi)- reckless mining industry, bulldozing hills and hillocks  for alarming construction, testing the defense arsenals beneath the earth,  large scale usage of chemical fertilizers, etc.,  made the earth to lose its balance.

Whatever advance technology / Research we have, that is nothing in front of mighty Nature.  Nature has its own balancing formulae.  As Panchabutas interlinked with one to other, if mankind disturbs one, then other will react automatically.



Global Suggestions:


Establishiment of the World Research Institute on Panchabutas: (WRIP)

Step1: All the likeminded world leaders should come together and discuss using common platform and should constitute global research consortium of top ranking scientists and spiritual gurus of pre-eminence having abundant knowledge of ancient thoughts like Vedas.

Step 2: Funding and Management like WHO or it has to operate as a additional wing annexed to WHO.

Step3: Active research should be undertaken.


Hence, Unite & Balance the Nature.


Local Suggestions (India & it may apply to similar countries also)

Modiji, Balancing the pancha maha bhutas is very important to save the PRECIOUS livingbeing.


There is nothing wrong in applying the techniques of other countries for management of Panchabutas in our country also.


Wind Pollution

1.     The impact of Digital India has to study properly for the present and future generations. Telecom industry is growing at the same time think of the impact of these waves on the mankind, animals and birds. There is a great possibility of collision of waves.

a.    Every sound wave it has its impact may be mantras or may be code words like khul ja sim sim.

2.    Give the preference to Yagna, Yaga and other ritualistic practices without making any bias to any religion. Government must be awared of these Yagna, Yaga and rituals and unearth the hidden science.

3.    Effective means should be initiated to Control over the Automobile, Vehicle & industrial emissions. It would be ideal to control these at the beginning stages like licensing, production etc., through appropriate policies.

4.    There is a dire need of installation of wind purifier at the major and heavily polluted cities i.e to make them choke free.


Water Contamination:


1.     Storage of Rain Water like Japan’s Technology: There is a need that every District should store the rain water and treated drainage water to increase the ground water table and for all purposes.

2.    Sanitary and Road Systems like America: Scientifically planned drainage systems, balancing and full utilization of the water is required.

3.    River Linkage (discussed already in the previous editorial)

4.    Controlling the flow of rain water through check dams.

     It is the responsibility of the Government at the helm of affair to see that no single drop of water reach to ocean.  It is to be circulated scientifically within the habitant land marks.



  1. Rise in Global warming should be checked by implementing stringent measures enunciated in policy matters.
  2. There is a need for generation of renewable energy as the substitute of Thermal Power. It is the responsibility of the Government to encourage the entrepreneurs of renewable energy systems by providing required financial bounties and requisite technology.
  3.  It is high time to think about the closure of the Crackers industry by providing them alternative.


  1. Too much traffic in space should be checked.



  1. Alarming growth of population has led to unbridled and unscientific growth of urban area.
  • Hence there is a need of population control irrespective of religion by framing the appropriate laws by this all related will be controlled.


  1. Regulate the Mining Industry.


Finally, we request the World Leaders, Research Scholars, Spiritual Gurus to work together to restore the balance of panchabutas for balancing the nature.  If neglected then we have to face natural disasters. Therefore, on behalf of the world, Acme Intellects request to the world leaders to Establish the World Research Institute on Panchabutas: (WRIP).


Thanking you.

With warm regards, 

Prof. Earanna. S,

Associate Professor, S.S.R.G. Womens College, Raichur, Karnataka State, India. 

Prof. Suresha K.V.,

Associate Professor & Principal,  JSS College for Women, Saraswathipuram, Mysore, Karnataka State, India. &

Prof. Sekhara Gowd Mitta, 

Founder & Managing Editor, AIIJRMSST, Tumkur, Karnataka State, India.
& Assistant Professor, Dept of MBA (PGDMS), Kalpataru Institute of Technology, Tiptur, Karnataka State, India.


& Acme Intellects Group


World Leaders List

World Presidents and Prime Ministers 2016

Afghanistan : Capital - Kabul; President - Mohammad Ashraf Ghani
Albania : Capital - Tirana; President - Bujar Nishani; Prime Minister - Edi Rama
Algeria : Capital - Algiers; President - Abdelaziz Bouteflika; Prime Minister - Abdelmalek Sellal
Angola : Capital - Luanda; President - Jose Eduardo Dos Santos
Antigua and Barbuda : Capital - St. John's; Governor General-Sir Rodney Williams, Prime Minister - Gaston Browne
Argentina : Capital - Buenos Aires; President - Mauricio Macri
Armenia : Capital - Yerevan; President - Serzh Sargsyan; Prime Minister - Hovik Abrahamyan
Aruba : Capital - Oranjestad; Governor-Fredis Refunjol; Prime Minister - Mike Eman
Australia : Capital - Canberra; Governor General-Sir Peter Cosgrove; Prime Minister - Malcolm Turnbull
Austria : Capital - Vienna; President - Heinz Fischer; Chancellor-Reinhold Mitterlehner
Azerbaijan : Capital - Baku; President - Ilham Aliyev; Prime Minister - Artur Rasizade
Bahamas, The : Capital - Nassau; Governor General-Marguerite Pindling; Prime Minister - Perry Gladstone Christie

Bahrain : Capital - Manama; King-Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa; Prime Minister - Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa
Bangladesh : Capital - Dhaka; President - Abdul Hamid; Prime Minister - Sheikh Hasina
Barbados : Capital - Bridgetown; Governor General-Elliot Belgrave; Prime Minister - Freundel Stuart
Belarus : Capital - Minsk; President - Aleksandr Lukashenko; Prime Minister - Andrei Kobyakov
Belgium : Capital - City of Brussels; King-Philippe; Prime Minister - Charles Michel
Belize : Capital - Belmopan; Governor General-Sir Colville Young; Prime Minister - Dean Oliver Barrow
Benin : Capital - Porto-Novo; President - Patrice Talon; Prime Minister - Lionel Zinsou
Bhutan - NDE : Capital - Thimphu; King-Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck; Prime Minister-Tshering Tobgay
Bolivia : Capital - Sucre; President - Juan Evo Morales Ayma
Botswana : Capital - Gaborone; President - Seretse Khama Ian Khama
Brazil : Capital - Brasília; President - Dilma Rousseff
Brunei : Capital - Bandar Seri Begawan; Sultan-Sir Hassanal Bolkiah; Prime Minister - Sir Hassanal Bolkiah 
Bulgaria : Capital - Sofia; President - Rosen Plevneliev; Prime Minister - Boyko Borisov
Burkina Faso : Capital - Ouagadougou; President - (Acting) Roch Marc Christian Kaboré; Prime Minister - Paul Kaba Thieba 
Burundi : Capital - Bujumbura; President - Pierre Nkurunziza
Cape Verde : Capital - Praia; President - Jorge Carlos De Almeida Fonseca; Prime Minister - Ulisses Correia e Silva
Cambodia : Capital - Phnom Penh; King-Norodom Sihamoni; Prime Minister - Hun Sen
Cameroon : Capital - Yaoundé; President - Paul Biya; Prime Minister - Philemon Yang
Canada : Ottawa; Governor General-David Johnston; Prime Minister - Justin Trudeau
Central African Republic : Capital - Bangui; President -Faustin-Archange Touadéra; Prime Minister - Simplice Sarandji
Chad : Capital - N'djamena; President - Idriss Deby Itno; Prime Minister - Albert Pahimi Padacke
Chile : Capital - Santiago; President - Michelle Bachelet
China : Capital - Beijing; President - Xi Jinping; Prime Minister - Li Keqiang
Colombia : Capital - Bogotá; President - Juan Manuel Santos
Comoros : Capital - Moroni; President: Ikililou Dhoinine
Congo, Democratic Republic of The : Capital - Kinshasa; President - Joseph Kabila; Prime Minister - Augustin Matata Ponyo Mapon
Congo, Republic of The : Capital - Brazzaville; President - Clement Mouamba
Cook Islands : Capital - Avarua; Prime Minister - Henry Puna
Costa Rica : Capital - San José; President - Luis Guillermo Solís
Cote D'ivoire : Capital - Yamoussoukro; President - Alassane Dramane Ouattara; Prime minister: Daniel Kablan Duncan
Croatia : Capital - Zagreb; President - Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic; Prime Minister - Tihomir Oreskovic 
Cuba - NDE : Capital - Havana; President - General Raul Modesto Castro Ruz; Prime minister: Raúl Castro
Cyprus : Capital - Nicosia; President - Nicos Anastasiades
Czech Republic : Capital - Prague; President - Milos Zeman; Prime Minister - Bohuslav Sobotka
Denmark : Capital - Copenhagen; Queen-Margrethe II; Prime Minister - Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Djibouti : Capital - Djibouti; President - Ismail Omar Guelleh; Prime Minister - Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
Dominica : Capital - Roseau; President - Charles Savarin; Prime Minister - Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican Republic : Capital - Santo Domingo; President - Danilo Medina Sanchez
Ecuador : Capital - Quito; President - Rafael Correa Delgado
Egypt : Capital - Cairo - President - Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi; Prime Minister - Sherif Ismail
El Salvador : Capital - San Salvador; President - Salvador Sánchez Cerén
Equatorial Guinea : Capital - Malabo; President - Brig. General Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo; Prime minister: Vicente Ehate Tomi
Eritrea : Capital - Asmara; President - Isaias Afwerki
Estonia : Capital - Tallinn; President - Toomas Hendrik Ilves; Prime Minister - Taavi Roivas
Ethiopia : Capital - Addis Ababa; President - Mulatu Teshome; Prime Minister - Hailemariam Desalegn
Fiji : Capital - Suva; President - George Konrote; Prime Minister - Frank Bainimarama
Finland : Capital - Helsinki; President - Sauli Niinisto; Prime Minister - Juha Sipila
France : Capital - Paris; President - Francois Hollande; Prime Minister - Manuel Valls
Gabon : Capital - Libreville; President - Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba; Prime Minister - Daniel Ona Ondo
Gambia, The : Capital - Banjul; President - Yahya Jammeh
Georgia : Capital - Tbilisi; President - Giorgi Margvelashvili; Prime Minister - Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Germany : Capital - Berlin; President - Joachim Gauck; Chancellor-Angela Merkel
Ghana : Capital - Accra; President - John Dramani Mahama
Greece : Capital - Athens; President - Prokopis Pavlopoulos; Prime Minister - Alexis Tsipras
Grenada : Capital - St. George's; Governor General-Cecile La Grenade; Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell
Guatemala : Capital - Guatemala City; President - Jimmy Morales
Guinea : Capital - Conakry; President - Alpha Conde; Prime Minister - Mamady Youla
Guinea-Bissau : Capital - Bissau; President - José Mário Vaz; Prime Minister - Carlos Correia
Guyana : Capital - Georgetown; President - David A. Granger; Prime Minister - Moses Nagamootoo
Haiti : Capital - Port-Au-Prince; President - (Acting) Jocelerme Privert; Prime Minister - (Acting) Enex Jean-Charles
Honduras : Capital - Tegucigalpa; President - Juan Orlando Hernandez Alvarado
Hungary : Capital - Budapest; President - Janos Ader; Prime Minister - Viktor Orban
Iceland : Capital - Reykjavik; President - Olafur Ragnar Grimsson; Prime Minister - Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
India : Capital - New Delhi; President - Pranab Mukherjee; Prime Minister - Narendra Modi
Indonesia : Capital - Jakarta; President - Joko Widodo
Iran - NDE : Capital - Tehran; President - Hassan Rouhani
Iraq : Capital - Baghdad; President - Fuad Masum; Prime Minister - Haider al-Abadi
Ireland : Capital - Dublin; President - Michael Daniel Higgins; Prime Minister - Enda Kenny
Israel : Capital - Jerusalem; President - Reuven Rivlin; Prime Minister - Binyamin "Bibi" Netanyahu
Italy : Capital - Rome; President - Sergio Mattarella; Prime Minister - Matteo Renzi
Jamaica : Capital - Kingston; Governor General - Sir Patrick Allen; Prime Minister - Andrew Holness
Japan : Capital - Tokyo; Emperor-Akihito; Prime Minister - Shinzo Abe
Jordan : Capital - Amman; King-Abdallah II; Prime Minister - Abdullah Ensour
Kazakhstan : Capital - Astana; President - Nursultan Nazarbayev; Prime Minister - Karim Massimov
Kenya : Capital - Nairobi; President - Uhuru Kenyatta
Kiribati : Capital - Tarawa; President - Taneti Mamau
Korea North, NDE : Capital - Pyongyang;  Supreme leader: Kim Jong-un
Korea, South : Capital - Seoul; President - Park Geun-Hye; Prime Minister - Hwang Kyo-ahn
Kosovo : Capital - Pristina; President - Hashim Thaçi; Prime Minister - Isa Mustafa
Kuwait : Capital - Kuwait City; Amir-Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah; Prime Minister - Jabir Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
Kyrgyzstan : Capital - Bishkek; President - Almazbek Atambaev; Prime Minister - Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Laos : Capital - Vientiane; President - Bounnhang Vorachith; Prime Minister - Thongsing Thammavong
Latvia : Capital - Riga; President - Raimonds Vējonis; Prime Minister - Maris Kucinskis
Lebanon : Capital - Beirut; President -(Acting) Tammam Salam ; Prime Minister - Tammam Salam
Lesotho : Capital - Maseru; King-Letsie III; Prime Minister - Pakalitha Mosisili
Liberia : Capital - Monrovia; President - Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
Libya : Capital - Tripoli; President - Aguila Salah Issa; Prime Minister - Fayez al-Sarraj
Liechtenstein : Capital - Vaduz; Prince - Hans Adam II; Prime Minister - Adrian Hasler
Lithuania : Capital - Vilnius; President - Dalia Grybauskaite; Prime Minister - Algirdas Butkevicius
Luxembourg : Capital - Luxembourg; Monarch - Henri; Prime Minister - Xavier Bettel
Macedonia : Capital - Skopje; President - Gjorge Ivanov; Prime Minister - Emil Dimitriev
Madagascar : Capital - Antananarivo; President - Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina Rakotoari; Prime Minister - Olivier Solonandrasana
Malawi : Capital - Lilongwe; President - Peter Mutharika
Malaysia : Capital - Kuala Lumpur; King-Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah; Prime Minister - Najib Razak
Maldives : Capital - Malé; President - Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom
Mali : Capital - Bamako; President - Ibrahim Boubacar Keita; Prime Minister - Modibo Keita
Malta : Capital - Valletta; President - Marie Louise Coleiro Preca; Prime Minister - Joseph Muscat
Marshall Islands : Capital - Majuro; President - Hilda Heine
Mauritania : Capital - Nouakchott; President - Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz; Prime Minister - Yahya Ould Hademine
Mauritius : Capital - Port Louis; President - Ameenah Gurib; Prime Minister - Anerood Jugnauth
Mexico : Capital - Mexico City; President - Enrique Pena Nieto
Federated States of Micronesia : Capital - Palikir; President - Peter M. Christian 
Moldova : Capital - Chișinău; President - Nicolae Timofti; Prime Minister - Pavel Filip
Mongolia : Capital - Ulan Bator; President - Tsakhia Elbegdorj; Prime Minister - Chimed Saikhanbileg
Montenegro : Capital - Podgorica; President - Filip Vujanovic; Prime Minister - Milo Dukanovic
Morocco : Capital - Rabat; King-Mohammed VI; Prime Minister - Abdelillah Benkirane
Mozambique : Capital - Maputo; President - Filipe Nyusi; Prime Minister - Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
Myanmar : Capital - Naypyidaw; President - Htin Kyaw
Namibia : Capital - Windhoek; President - Hage Geingob; Prime Minister - Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila
Nauru : Capital - Yaren ; President - Baron Divavesi Waqa
Nepal : Capital - Kathmandu; President - Bidhya Devi Bhandari; Prime Minister: Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
Netherlands : Capital - Amsterdam; King-Willem-Alexander; Prime Minister - Mark Rutte
New Zealand : Capital - Wellington; Governor General-Jerry Mateparae; Prime Minister - John Phillip Key
Nicaragua : Capital - Managua; President - Daniel Ortega Saavedra 
Niger : Capital - Niamey; President - Mahamadou Issoufou; Prime Minister - Brigi Rafini
Nigeria : Capital - Abuja; President - Muhammadu Buhari
Norway : Capital - Oslo; King-Harald V; Prime Minister - Erna Solberg

Oman : Capital - Muscat; Sultan-Qaboos bin Said Al Said; Deputy Prime Minister - Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said
Pakistan : Capital - Islamabad; President - Mamnoon Hussain; Prime Minister - Mohammad Nawaz Sharif
Palau : Capital - Ngerulmud; President - Tommy Remengesau
Panama : Capital - Panama City; President - Juan Carlos Varela
Papua New Guinea : Capital - Port Moresby; Governor General - Michael Ogio; Prime Minister - Peter Paire O'neill
Paraguay : Capital - Asunción; President - Horacio Cartes Jara
Peru : Capital - Lima; President - Ollanta Moises Humala Tasso; Prime Minister - Pedro Cateriano
Philippines : Capital - Manila; President - Rodrigo Duterte
Poland : Capital - Warsaw; President - Andrzej Duda; Prime Minister - Beata Szydło
Portugal : Capital - Lisbon; President - Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa; Prime Minister - António Costa
Qatar : Capital - Doha; Emir - Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani; Prime Minister - Abdallah Bin Nasir Bin Khalifa Al Thani
Romania : Capital - Bucharest; President - Klaus Iohannis; Prime Minister - Dacian Cioloș
Russia : Capital - Moscow; President - Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin; Prime Minister - Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev
Rwanda : Capital - Kigali; President - Paul Kagame; Prime Minister - Anastase Murekezi
Saint Kitts and Nevis : Capital - Basseterre; Governor General - Samuel Weymouth Tapley Seaton; Prime Minister - Timothy Harris
Saint Lucia : Capital - Castries; Governor General- Dame Pearlette Louisy; Prime Minister - Kenny Davis Anthony
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines : Capital - Kingstown; Governor General - Sir Frederick Nathaniel Ballantyne; Prime Minister - Ralph Everard Gonsalves
Samoa : Capital - Apia; Prime Minister - Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
Sao Tome and Principe : Capital - São Tomé; President - Manuel Pinto Da Costa; Prime Minister - Patrice Trovoada
Saudi Arabia : Capital - Riyadh; King-Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Senegal : Capital - Dakar; President - Macky Sall; Prime Minister - Mohammed Dionne
Serbia : Capital - Belgrade; President - Tomislav Nikolic; Prime Minister - Aleksandar Vučić
Seychelles : Capital - Victoria; President - James Alix Michel
Sierra Leone : Capital - Freetown; President - Ernest Bai Koroma
Singapore : Capital - Singapore; President - Tony Tan Keng Yam; Prime Minister - Lee Hsien Loong
Slovakia : Capital - Bratislava; President - Andrej Kiska; Prime Minister - Robert Fico
Slovenia : Capital - Ljubljana; President - Borut Pahor; Prime Minister - Miro Cerar
Solomon Islands : Capital - Honiara; Governor General - Frank Ofagioro Kabui; Prime Minister - Manasseh Sogavare
Somalia : Capital - Mogadishu; President - Hassan Sheikh Mahamud; Prime Minister - Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
South Africa : Capital - Pretoria, Cape Town, Bloemfontein; President - Jacob Zuma
South Sudan : Capital - Juba; President - Salva Kiir Mayardit
Spain : Capital - Madrid; Monarch - Felipe VI, Prime Minister - Mariano Rajoy
Sri Lanka : Capital - Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte; President - Maithripala Sirisena; Prime Minister - Ranil Wickremesinghe
Sudan : Capital - Khartoum; President - Omar al-Bashir
Suriname : Capital - Paramaribo; President - Dési Bouterse
Swaziland : Capital - Lobamba, Mbabane; King-Mswati III; Prime Minister - Barnabus Sibusiso Dlamini
Sweden : Capital - Stockholm; King - Carl XVI Gustaf; Prime Minister - Stefan Löfven
Syria : Capital - Damascus; President - Bashar Al-Asad; Prime Minister - Wael Nader al-Halqi
Taiwan - NDE : Capital - Taipei; President - Ma Ying-Jeou
Tajikistan : Capital - Dushanbe; President - Emomali Rahmon; Prime Minister - Kohir Rasulzoda
Tanzania : Capital - Dodoma; President - John Magufuli; Prime Minister - Kassim Majaliwa
Thailand : Capital - Bangkok; Monarch - Bhumibol Adulyadej; Prime Minister - Prayut Chan-o-cha
Timor-East : Capital - Dili; President - Taur Matan Ruak; Prime Minister - Rui Maria de Araújo
Togo : Capital - Lomé; President - Faure Gnassingbe; Prime Minister - Komi Sélom Klassou
Tonga : Capital - NukuʻAlofa; King-Tupou VI; Prime Minister - Akilisi Pohiva
Trinidad and Tobago : Capital - Port of Spain; President - Anthony Thomas Aquinas Carmona; Prime Minister - Keith Rowley
Tunisia : Capital - Tunis; President - Beji Caid Essebsi; Prime Minister - Habib Essid
Turkey : Capital - Ankara; President - Recep Tayyip Erdoğan; Prime Minister - Ahmet Davutoğlu
Turkmenistan : Capital - Ashgabat; President - Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Tuvalu : Capital - Funafuti; Governor General - Iakoba Italeli; Prime Minister - Enele Sopoaga
Uganda : Capital - Kampala; President -Yoweri Kaguta Museveni; Prime Minister - Ruhakana Rugunda
Ukraine : Capital - Kiev; President - Petro Poroshenko; Prime Minister - Volodymyr Groysman
United Arab Emirates : Capital - Abu Dhabi; President - Khalifa Bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan; Prime Minister - Muhammad Bin Rashid Al Maktum
United States of America : Capital - Washington, D.C., President - Barack Obama
United Kingdom : Capital - London; Queen-Elizabeth II; Prime Minister - Theresa May
Uruguay : Capital - Montevideo; President - Tabaré Vázquez
Uzbekistan : Capital - Tashkent; President - Islom Karimov; Prime Minister - Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Vanuatu : Capital - Port Vila; President - Baldwin Lonsdale; Prime Minister - Charlot Salwai
Venezuela : Capital - Caracas; President - Nicolas Maduro Moros
Vietnam : Capital - Hanoi; President - Tran Dai Quang; Prime Minister - Nguyen Xuan Phuc
Yemen : Capital - Sana'a; President - Fd. Mar. Abd Rabuh Mansur Hadi; Prime Minister - Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr 
Zambia : Capital - Lusaka; President - Edgar Lungu
Zimbabwe : Capital - Harare; President - Robert Gabriel Mugabe




Presidents and Prime Ministers of All Countries 2016 retrieved from http://www.allexamgurublog.com/2009/08/list-of-world-presidents-prime.html#sthash.unjt5usL.dpufReferences: